Race Relations and Civil Rights

LUCILE H. BLUFORD CASE FILES

These items document the lawsuits that Lucile H. Bluford pursued against S.W. Canada, the registrar of the University of Missouri, for repeatedly denying her admission to the university.
Displaying 1 - 20 of 70

Brief in support of defendant's motion to dismiss in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. The defendant's attorneys argue for the dismal of Bluford's suit against Canada, the registrar of the University of Missouri, stating that she has no standing for the damages she seeks. They state that Missouri requires "separation of the white and negro races for purposes of higher education," and that Lincoln University has "the mandatory duty to provide for negro residents ...

Date: 
1940

Reply brief of defendant on motion to dismiss in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. The document responds to a memo by Bluford's attorneys, which in turn responds to Canada's attorneys brief requesting dismissal of the case. Canada's attorneys reject Bluford's assertion that Canada, as registrar, is a "ministerial officer" of the university, and insist he is a "mere subordinate employee." The defense team also argues that Bluford and her attorneys misunderstand the requirements of the decision in Gaines v.

Date: 
March 20th 1940

Order from Judge J. C. Collet in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Collet dismisses the first count of the case, stating that Bluford "has made no attempt to amend the first count of her complaint in an effort to comply with the opinion of this COurt" from April 6, 1940. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
April 17th 1940

Motion to dismiss in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. The defendant's attorneys argue for the dismal of Bluford's suit against Canada, the registrar of the University of Missouri, stating that she has no standing for the damages she seeks.

Date: 
November 24th 1939

Defendant's motion for directed verdict in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. The defendant's attorneys argue for a verdict in their favor by stating that Bluford has failed to state a claim, nor prove one, that justifies relief, nor has she proven that she applied to the graduate program in journalism at the University of Missouri in good faith. They also assert that Bluford provided no evidence that she had ever applied to Lincoln University.

Date: 
October 24th 1940

Motion for new trial in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Bluford requests that the court set aside the verdict against her of October 24, 1940, and grant a new trial. Her attorneys argue that the court erred in numerous ways, and that the verdict did not conform to the law. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
October 25th 1940

Verdict in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Jury foreman Edwin J. Bedford announces the jury found in favor of the defendant, University of Missouri registrar S. W. Canada and against defendant Lucile Bluford. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
October 24th 1940

Memorandum on plaintiff's motion for extension of time for filing and designation of transcript of record and statement of errors in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. The memo was sent by Judge John C. Collet to Lucile Bluford, her lawyers, and the defense attorneys, regarding the plaintiff's request for an extension in their appeal. Collet decides that their application was made too late and overrules their request.

Date: 
January 24th 1941

Motion for extention of time for filing the designation of record, the transcript of record and statement of errors in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Bluford and her attorneys request an extension of 60 days from the date of the original judgement to file documents, including a statment of court errors, in her appeal. She states that her attorney, Charles H. Houston, has been "physically unfit," delaying action on her case.

Date: 
January 22nd 1941

Order in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, granting 60 additional days for Lucile Bluford to file her appeal to the United States Circuit Court of Appeals. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
January 1941

Memorandum opinion in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, regarding the defendant's motion to dismiss the case. Judge J. C.

Date: 
April 6th 1940

Challenge to the petit jury panel in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Bluford challenges that the jury selected for her trial consists solely of whtie jurors, and that "all qualified Negroes have been excluded solely because of race or color" in violation of the U.S. Code., and due to "a long established and unbroken systemic course of discrimination" which also violates the Fifth Amendment.

Date: 
October 22nd 1940

Affidavit of Lucile Bluford supporting challenge to panel in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Bluford and her attorneys provided support to her challenge that black citizens were illegally removed from the jury pool for her trial, resulting in an all white jury panel. This document provides population statistics for the Missouri counties from which her jury was selected, including population data for each race.

Date: 
October 21st 1940

Affidavit of Duke Diggs supporting challenge to panel in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Duke Diggs, a resident of Jefferson City, attests that "both from his own personal knowledge and from the general reputation of the community [he] knows that Negroes have never been called to serve as jurors" in the U.S. District Court for the Central Division of the Western District of Missouri in at least 50 years.

Date: 
October 21st 1940

Affidavit of Robert S. Cobb in support of challenge to panel in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Cobb, an attorney in Jefferson City, attests that he knows "both from his personal knowledge and general community reputation that Negroes have not been called for jury service in [the U.S.

Date: 
October 22nd 1940

Amended motion for new trial in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, wherein Bluford's attorney Charles Houston moves to set aside the verdict and grant her a new trial. He argues that the original verdict was invalid due to an illegally assembled all-white jury, that a witness was allowed to testify that Lincoln University could have created a journalism department by Fall 1939 without any demonstrated knowledge of the logistics of doing so, and by excluding evidence that Bluford did contact Lincoln University regarding graduate work, among other factors.

Date: 
October 26th 1940

Memorandum from Lucile Bluford's attorney Charles Houston to University of Missouri attorneys William S. Hogsett, Kenneth Teasdale, and Rubey Hulen providing notice of a motion to be submitted on behalf of Bluford, and including a registered mail receipt certifying that the notice was provided. The motion itself is not included in this document.

Date: 
October 25th 1940

Amended second count in complaint for deprivation of plaintiff's civil rights under color of state laws in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, adding information to Bluford's initial complaint. The document summarizes her case against Canada, the registrar of the University of Missouri, and asserts her rights under the equal protection cause of the Constitution were violated by his rejection of her application for admission.

Date: 
April 13th 1940

Complaint for deprivation of plaintiff's civil rights under color of state laws in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, claiming damages of $20,000 for Bluford's rejection from the University of Missouri graduate program in journalism based solely on her race. The complaint recounts the details of her case, including her qualifications for the program and her repeated applications to and denials of admission, as well as the absence of any comparable program open to black students in the state.

Date: 
November 2nd 1939

Civil witness claims in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, wherein witnesses in the case applied for reimbursement for travel costs associated with their appearance. The witnesses are J. Harvey Jefferson, James Mason Carter, Ernest S. Redd, Lee W. DeCrouch, Fred A. Wilson, Owen Perkins, Kenneth Logan, Robert S. Cobb, Duke Diggs, Charles E. Robinson, Sr., Earl F. Conley, Hubert E. Washington, James Mason, Earl Sexton, and Alex L. Hicks.

Date: 
October 22nd 1940

Pages

KANSAS CITY PUBLIC LIBRARY | DIGITAL HISTORY
Civil War on the Western Border: The Missouri-Kansas Conflict,1855-1865.
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