Race Relations and Civil Rights

LUCILE H. BLUFORD CASE FILES

These items document the lawsuits that Lucile H. Bluford pursued against S.W. Canada, the registrar of the University of Missouri, for repeatedly denying her admission to the university.
Displaying 1 - 20 of 24

Motion for new trial in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Bluford requests that the court set aside the verdict against her of October 24, 1940, and grant a new trial. Her attorneys argue that the court erred in numerous ways, and that the verdict did not conform to the law. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
October 25th 1940

Motion for extention of time for filing the designation of record, the transcript of record and statement of errors in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Bluford and her attorneys request an extension of 60 days from the date of the original judgement to file documents, including a statment of court errors, in her appeal. She states that her attorney, Charles H. Houston, has been "physically unfit," delaying action on her case.

Date: 
January 22nd 1941

Challenge to the petit jury panel in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Bluford challenges that the jury selected for her trial consists solely of whtie jurors, and that "all qualified Negroes have been excluded solely because of race or color" in violation of the U.S. Code., and due to "a long established and unbroken systemic course of discrimination" which also violates the Fifth Amendment.

Date: 
October 22nd 1940

Affidavit of Lucile Bluford supporting challenge to panel in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Bluford and her attorneys provided support to her challenge that black citizens were illegally removed from the jury pool for her trial, resulting in an all white jury panel. This document provides population statistics for the Missouri counties from which her jury was selected, including population data for each race.

Date: 
October 21st 1940

Amended motion for new trial in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, wherein Bluford's attorney Charles Houston moves to set aside the verdict and grant her a new trial. He argues that the original verdict was invalid due to an illegally assembled all-white jury, that a witness was allowed to testify that Lincoln University could have created a journalism department by Fall 1939 without any demonstrated knowledge of the logistics of doing so, and by excluding evidence that Bluford did contact Lincoln University regarding graduate work, among other factors.

Date: 
October 26th 1940

Memorandum from Lucile Bluford's attorney Charles Houston to University of Missouri attorneys William S. Hogsett, Kenneth Teasdale, and Rubey Hulen providing notice of a motion to be submitted on behalf of Bluford, and including a registered mail receipt certifying that the notice was provided. The motion itself is not included in this document.

Date: 
October 25th 1940

Amended second count in complaint for deprivation of plaintiff's civil rights under color of state laws in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, adding information to Bluford's initial complaint. The document summarizes her case against Canada, the registrar of the University of Missouri, and asserts her rights under the equal protection cause of the Constitution were violated by his rejection of her application for admission.

Date: 
April 13th 1940

Complaint for deprivation of plaintiff's civil rights under color of state laws in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, claiming damages of $20,000 for Bluford's rejection from the University of Missouri graduate program in journalism based solely on her race. The complaint recounts the details of her case, including her qualifications for the program and her repeated applications to and denials of admission, as well as the absence of any comparable program open to black students in the state.

Date: 
November 2nd 1939

Letter from attorney Charles H. Houston to the U.S. District Court Clerk in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, providing notice that they are dismissing their appeal in the case, and asking to pay the court costs currently due. Houston also writes that he plans to file a new action on Bluford's behalf.

Date: 
March 10th 1941

Praecipe for subpoena in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, requesting that a subpoena be issued for Rev. Ernest S. Redd, Myron Leonard, and Rev. C. B. Johnson to appear as witnesses for the plaintiff on October 22, 1940. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
October 1940

Praecipe for subpoena in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, requesting that a subpoena be issued for James Mason, Earl F. Conley, Robert Turner, Effie Jackson, Owen Perkins, Hubert E. Washington, William Carter, and Earl Saxton to appear as witnesses for the plaintiff on October 22, 1940.

Date: 
October 1940

Praecipe for subpoena in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, requesting that a subpoena be issued for Duke Diggs, Robert S. Cobb, James Mason Carter, J. Harvey Jefferson, Alex L. Hicks, Lee W. DeCrouch, Fred Wilson, and Chares E. Robinson, Sr. to appear as witnesses for the plaintiff on October 22, 1940.

Date: 
October 1940

Praecipe for subpoena in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, requesting that a subpoena be issued for Kenneth Logan and J. P. Washington to appear as witnesses for the plaintiff on October 22, 1940. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
October 22nd 1940

Amendment to complaint in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. The plaintiff's attorneys amend Bluford's original complaint by adding text to provide that Bluford knew that Lincoln University did not offer graduate or undergraduate work in journalism. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
February 3rd 1940

Amendment to amended second complaint in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada.

Date: 
June 1st 1940

Telegram from plaintiff's attorney Charles H. Houston to Judge John C. Collet regarding Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Houston writes that, while research is completed for the Bluford case, he is physically unable to complete a memorandum at that time. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
February 26th 1940

Letter from plaintiff's attorney Charles H. Houston to Judge John C. Collet regarding Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Houston writes to submit a Memorandum in Opposition to Defendant's Motion to Dismiss in the case, and apologizing for the time it took to prepare the motion.

Date: 
February 29th 1940

Memorandum in opposition to defendant's motion to dismiss in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Bluford's attorneys oppose the defendant's motion to dismiss the case, and recap the facts of their case including Bluford's eligibility for admission to the University of Missouri's graduate program in journalism in every factor but her race, Lincoln University's lack of a journalism program, and address the issue of whether S. W. Canada, as an agent of MU, is liable under federal law, among other legal issues.

Date: 
February 29th 1940

Notice of appeal to Circuit Court of Appeals for the Eight Circuit in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Plaintiff's attorney Charles H. Houston provides notice to the court and defense attorneys that they are appealing the case to the Eighth District Court of Appeals. Defense attorney William S. Hogsett signs that he is received a copy of the appeal on December 3, 1940.

Date: 
October 24th 1940

Letter from plaintiff's attorney Charles H. Houston to the U.S. District Court clerk regarding Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Houston writes to enclose an amended second count in the case, and notes a registered mail receipt confirming the amendmend has been also forwarded to defense attorney William Hogsett.

Date: 
April 11th 1940

Pages

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