Circa 1930 photograph with an aerial view of the Kansas River looking north and showing the neighborhoods Argentine (left), Armourdale (right), Kensington (left background), and Riverview (right background). The Proctor and Gamble plant is also pictured.
Circa 1930 photograph with an aerial view of Kansas City Structural Steel facility and grounds, once located north of Metropolitan Avenue between South 21st and 24th Street in Kansas City, Kansas. This vantage point faces north-northeast and shows the intersection of South 24th Street and Ruby Avenue (center foreground) and the Kansas River (background).
Circa 1930 photograph with an aerial view of a residential area and rail yard with roundhouse near the Kansas River in the Argentine neighborhood. This vantage point faces northwest and shows Armourdale to the right of the river.
Photograph of Argentine and Shawnee Heights, two sections of Kansas City, Kansas, as seen from the Kansas River. The large building pictured center is the Franklin School on Metropolitan Avenue between S 14th and 15th Streets. This picture was taken before 1923 when the building received a four-classroom addition.
Two photographs of the viaduct at Goddard Viaduct in Kansas City, Kansas. The viaduct, built in 1923, replaced an earlier structure and allowed Goddard Avenue to continue over the rail yards in the Argentine neighborhood.
Interview with Adolph Oropeza by Laurie Bretz as part of the Trabajo y Cultura (Work & Culture) Project documenting the Kansas City, Kansas, Hispanic community. Oropeza describes being born in Michoacan, Mexico, and moving to Kansas City, Kansas, with his family as a 2-year-old. He worked as a farmworker as a teenager, and later worked for the Santa Fe and Rock Island railroad companies, and describes the work he and other Mexican workers did in those industries, including unionization in the railroad companies.
Interview with Melquiades Quiroga by Laurie Bretz as part of a project documenting the Kansas City, Kansas, Hispanic community. Quiroga discusses being brought to the United States by his parents in 1915 at the age of 4, and going to work in the ice plant in Argentine in 1928. He describes working 15-20 hour days, and the formation of the union in 1942. After unionizing, he reports higher wages, but also describes pay discrimination, winter work reduction and families living in uninsulated shacks, and the hard work done at the ice plant.
Interview with sisters Aurora Oropeza and Trini Torrez by Laurie Bretz as part of a project to document the history of the Kansas City, Kansas, Hispanic community. The women discuss their childhoods in Kansas City, Kansas, and their brother Adolfo going to work with the railroads to support the family after the death of their father in Mexico. They also discuss racial and gender discrimination in their educational experience, and going through college during the Depression and working as a nurse.
Interview with Francisco Ruiz, Millie Rivera, Mike Sanchez, Mr. and Mrs. Joe Amayo, Carmen Ayala and others by Robert Oppenheimer as part of a project to document the history of the Kansas City, Kansas, Hispanic community. Among the topics discussed are the local Mexican community working for the railroads, on farms, and for the meatpacking companies between the two world wars, unionization efforts, and the movement of workers and their families around the Midwest.
Interview with Senora Josefa Aguilera Parra by Laurie Bretz as part of a project documenting the Kansas City, Kansas, Hispanic community. Aguilera describes doing farm work in California and Colorado for low pay, her experiences of and feelings about the Mexican Revolution, and later settling in the Argentine neighborhood of Kansas City, Kansas, where her husband worked in the Swift meatpacking house.
Interview with Danny Gamino and Jose Perres by Laurie Bretz and Robert Oppenheimer as part of a project documenting the Kansas City, Kansas, Hispanic community. The men describe working in packing houses in the 1940s, and the segregation and discrimination they faced in restaurants, schools, movie theaters, and other parts of the community. They also discuss pay differences between white and Mexican workers prior to unionization, and other protections they were afforded by the union.
Interview with Pedro Ibarra and his daughter Leonor Ibarra by Laurie Bretz as part of a project documenting the Kansas City, Kansas, Hispanic community. Pedro describes coming to the United States for work, and describes Mexican workers doing their all of their non-food shopping at the railroad commissary. He says they could also send money back to family in Mexico, but that an employee at the commissary would keep the money and claim they were robbed or that the mail was lost.