In 1914, Frank Sherman Land sold a restaurant to work full-time coordinating Scottish Rite masons’ relief efforts to needy Kansas City families—a job he had begun as a volunteer. Several years later, Land became interested in helping boys rendered fatherless by World War I, and after a failed effort to recruit mentors from the business community, he conceived the idea of a fraternal society in which boys could find fellowship with other boys.
Photograph of the founding members of the Order of DeMolay, an organization connected to the Masonic Lodge. It was open for membership to young men between the ages of 12 and 21. The Order of DeMolay was founded in 1919 with nine members, most of whom lived near each other in Kansas City, Missouri. DeMolay was named for Jacques de Molay, the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar. A family connection to Masonry was not a prerequisite for membership into DeMolay.