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Union Station
Author: 
Jason Roe

On June 17, 1933, four law enforcement officers and their prisoner, Frank Nash, were fatally wounded in a botched rescue attempt outside Union Station. The story of the Union Station Massacre, as it became known, centered on Frank Nash, who had been convicted of three separate crimes of a serious nature: murder, armed burglary, and then assault.

Wide shot of Kansas City Massacre aftermath. This event, also known as the Union Station Massacre, saw the deaths of Frank Nash, an Oklahoma train and bank robber; William J. Grooms, a Kansas City police officer; Frank E. Hermanson, another Kansas City police officer; Raymond J. Caffrey, an FBI specialist; and Otto Reed, the chief of police for McAlester, Oklahoma. Outlaws Vernon Miller, Charles (Pretty Boy) Floyd, and Adam Richetti were attempting to free Frank Nash from law enforcement custody.

Date: 
June 17th 1933

Excerpt of the full transcript of the record for Criminal Case No. 35160: State of Missouri vs. Adam Richetti. In the included indictment, Prosecuting Attorney W. W. Graves charges Richetti with the murder of Frank Hermanson on June 17, 1933.

Date: 
1935

Mug shot of Vernon C. Miller or Verne Miller, used as an exhibit against the defendant in Criminal Case No. 35160: State of Missouri vs. Adam Richetti. The state alleged that "that appellant [Richetti] with two notorious criminals "Pretty Boy" Floyd and Verne Miller, perpetrated the massacre in the attempted execution of a conspiracy to liberate convict Nash."

Photograph of a damaged Chevrolet, taken in connection with Criminal Case No. 35160: State of Missouri vs. Adam Richetti. FBI Agent R. J. Caffrey was attempting to transport Frank Nash in this vehicle when Vernon C. Miller, Adam C. Richetti, and Charles Arthur “Pretty Boy” Floyd opened fire on them, killing Caffrey, Nash, Kansas City Police Officers W. J. Grooms and Frank Hermanson, and Oklahoma Police Chief Otto Reed.

Date: 
June 17th 1933

Mug shot of Bernard Phillips, used as an exhibit in support of the defendant in Criminal Case No. 35160: State of Missouri vs. Adam Richetti. Phillips was an associate of Frank Nash and suspected to be involved in the Union Station Massacre during the beginning of the investigation.

Kansas City Police Department miscellaneous report of the Union Station Massacre, used in support of the defendant in Criminal Case No. 35160: State of Missouri vs. Adam Richetti. The report provides a summary of the incident from the perspective of FBI agent T. J. Lackey, who was present during the shooting.

Date: 
June 17th 1933

Kansas City Police Department radio logs from the morning of June 17, 1933 during the Union Station Massacre. These transcriptions were used in support of the defendant in Criminal Case No. 35160: State of Missouri vs. Adam Richetti. The report describes the suspects as "very neatly dressed."

Date: 
June 17th 1933

Court Opinion by Judge George R. Ellison for Criminal Case No. 35160: State of Missouri vs. Adam Richetti, Appellant. Upon reviewing the assignments of error in Richetti's motion for a new trial, Ellison affirms that Richetti was guilty of murdering Frank Hermanson on June 17, 1933 as part of the Union Station Massacre. Ellison further affirms Richetti's death penalty and orders its administration with lethal gas, at the Missouri State Penitentiary in Jefferson City, Missouri.

Date: 
May 3rd 1938

Issue of the anti-corruption, Kansas City-based newspaper, Future: The Newsweekly for Today. The front page includes an article, continued on page 8, about the apartments on the Country Club Plaza and Armour Boulevard managed by the Assured Rental Company (led by George Goldman and Herman Shapiro), in the city's "South Side," voting against the Pendergast ticket City Council nominees.

Date: 
June 7th 1935

Issue of the anti-corruption, Kansas City-based newspaper, Future: The Newsweekly for Today. The front page includes an article, continued on page 8, about J. C. Nichols and his city planning projects in Kansas City with the Country Club residential district and Country Club Plaza shopping center, etc., including a photo of Nichols. Other featured articles include: “To Better Serve His Clients” (p.

Date: 
June 21st 1935

Issue of the anti-corruption, Kansas City-based newspaper, Future: The Newsweekly for Today. The front page includes an article, continued on page 8, about the Bond Advisory Committee of the Ten-Year Plan, made up of prominent Kansas Citians including R. Crosby Kemper and J. E. Woodmansee, and chaired by Conrad H. Mann. Other featured articles include: “The Sport of Kings” (p. 2), about the Riverside horse racing track and the machine-controlled gambling that takes place there; “Will They Be Able to Silence Mr. Bash?” (p.

Date: 
June 28th 1935

Photograph of the front of Union Station in Kansas City where the Union Station Massacre has just happened. Identification on back reads: At right is the automobile of Raymond J. Caffrey, federal officer who conducted Frank Nash to Union Station, at Kansas City, Mo., where he and three other officers as well as Nash, the convict, were slain when gangsters attempted to wrest the prisoner from the officers. Between the cars may be seen two of the officers who were slain in the shooting and behind the wheel of Caffrey's car the head of the slain Nash.

Date: 
June 17th 1933

Application for Order for Subpoena Duces Tecum for Criminal Case No. 12698: United States vs. Richard Tallman Galatas, alias Dick Galadis, alias Pritchard Sheridan; Herbert Allen Farmer, alias Herbert Black, alias H. A. Patton, alias W. H. Williams; Esther Farmer; Frances Nash, alias Frances Miller, alias Frances Harrison; Frank B. Mulloy, alias Frits Mulloy; Louis Stacci, alias Doc Stacey; Elisabeth Galatas, alias Betty McFadden, alias Mrs. Glenn Morris, and Vivian Mathis, alias Vivian Page, alias Clara Hays, Defendants. This document asks the court to order John H. Fultz and William H.

Date: 
October 24th 1934

Order for Subpoena Duces Tecum for Criminal Case No. 12698: United States vs. Richard Tallman Galatas, alias Dick Galadis, alias Pritchard Sheridan; Herbert Allen Farmer, alias Herbert Black, alias H. A. Patton, alias W. H. Williams; Esther Farmer; Frances Nash, alias Frances Miller, alias Frances Harrison; Frank B. Mulloy, alias Frits Mulloy; Louis Stacci, alias Doc Stacey; Elisabeth Galatas, alias Betty McFadden, alias Mrs. Glenn Morris, and Vivian Mathis, alias Vivian Page, alias Clara Hays, Defendants. This document orders John H. Fultz and William H.

Date: 
October 24th 1934

Indictment for Criminal Case No. 12697: United States vs. Charles Arthur Floyd and Adam Richetti, Defendants. They are charged with the theft of an automobile in connection with the Union Station Massacre.

Date: 
October 22nd 1934

Capias for Criminal Case No. 12697: United States vs. Charles Arthur Floyd and Adam Richetti, Defendants. This document orders law enforcement to apprehend Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd and Adam Richetti.

Date: 
October 22nd 1934

Capias for Criminal Case No. 12697: United States vs. Charles Arthur Floyd and Adam Richetti, Defendants. This document orders law enforcement to apprehend Adam Richetti.

Date: 
December 1st 1934

Order for Criminal Case No. 12697: United States vs. Charles Arthur Floyd and Adam Richetti, Defendants. This document reinstates the case now that Adam Richetti has been apprehended.

Date: 
December 5th 1934

Order for Criminal Case No. 12697: United States vs. Charles Arthur Floyd and Adam Richetti, Defendants. This document dismisses the case as both defendants are dead.

Date: 
October 10th 1938

Pages

KANSAS CITY PUBLIC LIBRARY | DIGITAL HISTORY
Civil War on the Western Border: The Missouri-Kansas Conflict,1855-1865.
The Pendergast Years, Kansas City in the Jazz Age & Great Depression.
KC History, Missouri Valley Special Collections at the Kansas City Public Library.