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U.S. Attorney's report on Otto P. Higgins, Inmate #55996-L, recording Higgins' defense attorney, summarizing the charges, and noting that "the aggravating circumstances are that the income unreported by this prisoner was derived form the lowest and worst elements of the organized underworld of Kansas City." U.S. Attorney Richard K. Phelps reports that local mobster Charles Carollo is a suspected associate, and recommends against parole. Judge J. C. Collet does not concur, noting that this conviction is Higgins' first offense.

Date: 
June 3rd 1940

Judgment and commitment in Criminal Case No. 14653: United States vs. Otto P. Higgins, defendant. Higgins, the former director of the Kansas City Police Department, entered a plea of guilty to counts 3 and 4 of income tax evasion, counts 1 and 2 having been entered nolle prosequi, and was sentenced to the U.S. Penitentiary at Leavenworth for two years on count 3 and five years probation on count 4. He was delivered to the penitentiary on November 3, 1939.

Date: 
November 3rd 1939

Order from Judge J. C. Collet in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Collet dismisses the first count of the case, stating that Bluford "has made no attempt to amend the first count of her complaint in an effort to comply with the opinion of this COurt" from April 6, 1940. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
April 17th 1940

Memorandum on plaintiff's motion for extension of time for filing and designation of transcript of record and statement of errors in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. The memo was sent by Judge John C. Collet to Lucile Bluford, her lawyers, and the defense attorneys, regarding the plaintiff's request for an extension in their appeal. Collet decides that their application was made too late and overrules their request.

Date: 
January 24th 1941

Memorandum opinion in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, regarding the defendant's motion to dismiss the case. Judge J. C.

Date: 
April 6th 1940

Witness summons in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, commanding Miss G. A. Wadkins, Acting Business Officer of Lincoln University, to appear in court on October 21, 1940, with general ledgers for several Lincoln accounts as well as budget sheets documenting state appropriations money. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
October 16th 1940

Civil subpoena in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, commanding Duke Diggs, Robert S. Cobb, Charles E. Robinson, Sr., Myron Leonard, and Rev. C. B. Johnson to appear in court on October 22, 1940. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
October 21st 1940

Clipping from an unknown newspaper reporting that Lucile Bluford has filed an amended complaint to her suit against S.W. Canada, registrar of the University of Missouri, wherein she claimed $20,000 in damages and argued that the university's rejection of her application to their journalism program was a violation of her civil rights. The article notes that Judge John C.

Date: 
April 13th 1940

Letter from attorney Ralph E. Murray to Judge John C. Collet, regarding Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, requesting a continuance on behalf of the attorneys of both the plaintiff and defendant in the hearing of the motion to dismiss the case. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
December 26th 1939

Letter from attorney William S. Hogsett to the clerk of the U.S. District Court, regarding Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, to submit the defendant's motion to dismiss. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
November 22nd 1939

Subpoena for St. Louis Call managing editor Elwood E. Randol or Chester E. Stovall, editor of the paper, in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. The court orders that one of the men appear in court on October 21, 1940, and produce twelve specific editions of the St. Louis Call from 1939 and 1940 as evidence.

Date: 
October 1940

Telegram from Judge John C. Collet to Edna Morris regarding Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Collet writes that the Bluford v. Canada case will be called the following morning, October 22. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
October 21st 1940

Letter from Judge John C. Collet to plaintiff's attorney Charles H. Houston regarding Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Collet writes to confirm the plaintiff's amended petition was received and filed, and assuring Houston that he will be informed if there are any complaints about the form of filing of the petition.

Date: 
April 19th 1940

Letter from Judge John C. Collet to plaintiff's attorney Charles H. Houston regarding Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Collet writes to confirm receipt of Houston's letter requesting a hearing on May 13, but reports that he will not be in court in Jefferson City on that date. He writes that the motion will be on his docket on May 4, or if Houston needs to delay it further, June 1.

Date: 
April 26th 1940

Letter from defense attorney Ralph E. Murray to Judge John C. Collet regarding Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, enclosing the reply brief from the defendant on the motion to dismiss the case. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
March 19th 1940

Letter from defense attorney William S. Hogsett to the clerk of the U.S. District Court regarding Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, enclosing the defendant's motion to dismiss the case. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
April 19th 1940

Letter from defense attorney William S. Hogsett to the clerk of the U.S. District Court regarding Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, enclosing a form of order to overrule the defendant's motion to dismiss the plaintiff's amended second count. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
June 4th 1940

Telegram from plaintiff's attorney Charles H. Houston to Judge John C. Collet regarding Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Houston writes that, while research is completed for the Bluford case, he is physically unable to complete a memorandum at that time. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
February 26th 1940

Letter from plaintiff's attorney Charles H. Houston to Judge John C. Collet regarding Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. Houston writes to submit a Memorandum in Opposition to Defendant's Motion to Dismiss in the case, and apologizing for the time it took to prepare the motion.

Date: 
February 29th 1940

Civil subpoena issued in Civil Case No. 128: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada to Thelma Berlack Boozer of Lincoln University. She is commanded to appear in District Court on April 23, 1942, as a witness for the plaintiff. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date: 
April 21st 1942

Pages

KANSAS CITY PUBLIC LIBRARY | DIGITAL HISTORY
Civil War on the Western Border: The Missouri-Kansas Conflict,1855-1865.
The Pendergast Years, Kansas City in the Jazz Age & Great Depression.
KC History, Missouri Valley Special Collections at the Kansas City Public Library.