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U.S. Attorney's report on Otto P. Higgins, Inmate #55996-L, recording Higgins' defense attorney, summarizing the charges, and noting that "the aggravating circumstances are that the income unreported by this prisoner was derived form the lowest and worst elements of the organized underworld of Kansas City." U.S. Attorney Richard K. Phelps reports that local mobster Charles Carollo is a suspected associate, and recommends against parole. Judge J. C. Collet does not concur, noting that this conviction is Higgins' first offense.

June 3rd 1940

Judgment and commitment in Criminal Case No. 14653: United States vs. Otto P. Higgins, defendant. Higgins, the former director of the Kansas City Police Department, entered a plea of guilty to counts 3 and 4 of income tax evasion, counts 1 and 2 having been entered nolle prosequi, and was sentenced to the U.S. Penitentiary at Leavenworth for two years on count 3 and five years probation on count 4. He was delivered to the penitentiary on November 3, 1939.

November 3rd 1939

Letter from Lewis J. Grout, Chief U.S. Probation Officer, to Isaac Sway, Chief Parole Officer at the U.S. Penitentiary at Leavenworth, regarding Otto P. Higgins', Inmate #55996-L, release from the penitentiary and the requirement that he report to the probation officer in Kansas City upon his release. Higgins, the former director of the Kansas City Police Department, was sentenced to two years in the United States Penitentiary at Leavenworth on charges of income tax evasion.

June 6th 1941

U.S. Attorney's report on Tom Pendergast, Inmate #55295, which records Higgins' defense attorneys, summarizes the charges, and notes the sentence imposed. The report records as aggravating circumstances obstruction of justice, suborning perjury, and evidence of income tax violation in other years, though "proof only goes back to 1927." Judge Merrill Otis and U.S. Attorney Maurice M. Milligan both recommend against parole.

June 20th 1939

Letter from Lewis J. Grout, Chief U.S. Probation Officer, to Myrl E. Alexander, Acting Parole Executive with the Bureau of Prisons, regarding Tom Pendergast, Inmate #55295. Grout summarizes Pendergast's case, noting he plead guilty to multiple charges of income tax evasion, and notes that there are special conditions of probation, including paying a fine and back taxes. Grout also draws attention to editorials from the May 22, 1939 edition of the Kansas City Star and the May 23, 1939 edition of the Kansas City Times.

May 24th 1939
Civil War on the Western Border: The Missouri-Kansas Conflict,1855-1865.
The Pendergast Years, Kansas City in the Jazz Age & Great Depression.
KC History, Missouri Valley Special Collections at the Kansas City Public Library.