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Wide shot of Kansas City Massacre aftermath. This event, also known as the Union Station Massacre, saw the deaths of Frank Nash, an Oklahoma train and bank robber; William J. Grooms, a Kansas City police officer; Frank E. Hermanson, another Kansas City police officer; Raymond J. Caffrey, an FBI specialist; and Otto Reed, the chief of police for McAlester, Oklahoma. Outlaws Vernon Miller, Charles (Pretty Boy) Floyd, and Adam Richetti were attempting to free Frank Nash from law enforcement custody.

Date: 
June 17th 1933

Mug shot of Vernon C. Miller or Verne Miller, used as an exhibit against the defendant in Criminal Case No. 35160: State of Missouri vs. Adam Richetti. The state alleged that "that appellant [Richetti] with two notorious criminals "Pretty Boy" Floyd and Verne Miller, perpetrated the massacre in the attempted execution of a conspiracy to liberate convict Nash."

Photograph of a damaged Chevrolet, taken in connection with Criminal Case No. 35160: State of Missouri vs. Adam Richetti. FBI Agent R. J. Caffrey was attempting to transport Frank Nash in this vehicle when Vernon C. Miller, Adam C. Richetti, and Charles Arthur “Pretty Boy” Floyd opened fire on them, killing Caffrey, Nash, Kansas City Police Officers W. J. Grooms and Frank Hermanson, and Oklahoma Police Chief Otto Reed.

Date: 
June 17th 1933

Mug shot of Bernard Phillips, used as an exhibit in support of the defendant in Criminal Case No. 35160: State of Missouri vs. Adam Richetti. Phillips was an associate of Frank Nash and suspected to be involved in the Union Station Massacre during the beginning of the investigation.

Photograph of the front of Union Station in Kansas City where the Union Station Massacre has just happened. Identification on back reads: At right is the automobile of Raymond J. Caffrey, federal officer who conducted Frank Nash to Union Station, at Kansas City, Mo., where he and three other officers as well as Nash, the convict, were slain when gangsters attempted to wrest the prisoner from the officers. Between the cars may be seen two of the officers who were slain in the shooting and behind the wheel of Caffrey's car the head of the slain Nash.

Date: 
June 17th 1933
KANSAS CITY PUBLIC LIBRARY | DIGITAL HISTORY
Civil War on the Western Border: The Missouri-Kansas Conflict,1855-1865.
The Pendergast Years, Kansas City in the Jazz Age & Great Depression.
KC History, Missouri Valley Special Collections at the Kansas City Public Library.