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Partial draft of a response to Lucile Bluford, written by an unknown party, in reply to her inquiries about gaining admission to the University of Missouri's journalism graduate program. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1939-02

Letter from Kansas City Call editor Chester A. Franklin to University of Missouri president Frederick A. Middlebush, discussing the importance and impetus of the Lucile Bluford case against the university. Franklin writes that the suit is "an effort to make Missouri provide the equal schooling for Negroes ordered by the supreme court in the Gaines decision," and that "the state has evaded its duty" in meeting that standard. Franklin writes that he has included recent copies of his paper which deal with the Bluford case, and suggests he himself should be interested in taking university extension classes in journalism, noting that as editor of a black newspaper, he is lacking in contacts "usual for newspaper men." At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a case that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1942-05-21

Letter from attorney Charles H. Houston to University of Missouri registrar S. W. Canada, saying that he is writing in response to his September 2 letter to Lucile Bluford. Houston cites the Lloyd Gaines decision and its assertion that Gaines must be admitted if Lincoln did not provide a law program by the next semester, and notes that Lincoln University has by that point had three weeks longer to establish a journalism program than it had to establish a law program in the Gaines case. Houston says that they "do not accept the proposition that a Negro must wait a reasonable time for a course presently available to a white student," but insists Bluford has waited more than a reasonable time regardless and it is therefore Canada's duty to "enrol her on the same terms as other qualified students." At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a case that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1941-09-11

Letter from Charles H. Houston to William S. Hogsett regarding the Bluford vs. Canada case, writing that he has advised Lucile Bluford that she has "an independent cause of action" against S. W. Canada, University of Missouri registrar, due to his refusal to admit Bluford to the university's journalism program "in spite of his clear knowledge that there was no graduate work in journalism at Lincoln University." He advises Bluford to pursue that case and drop her appeal in the prior one. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1941-03-10

Letter from University of Missouri president Frederick A. Middlebush to Kansas City Call editor Chester A. Franklin in response to Franklin's letter of May 21. Middlebush thanks Franklin for the copy of The Call he enclosed, and writes that he is "interested in the statement of purpose indicated in [Franklin's] communication." At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a case that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1942-05-27

Telegram from University of Missouri President Frederick A. Middlebush to Lucile Bluford, reporting that in light of her telegram, he has reread the opinions in her case from the Missouri Supreme Court and the Attorney General, as well as her recent correspondence with S. W. Canada, the university's registrar, and stating that he believes Canada has performed his duties appropriately in declining her admission. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1941-09

Letter from University of Missouri President Frederick A. Middlebush to Lucile Bluford, reporting that in light of her telegram of September 19, he has reread the opinions in her case from the Missouri Supreme Court and the Attorney General, as well as her recent correspondence with S. W. Canada, the university's registrar, and states that he believes Canada has performed his duties appropriately in declining her admission. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1941-09-27

Letter from University of Missouri President Frederick A. Middlebush to attorney Nick Cave, forwarding him a copy of the letter from Sidney Redmond, and noting that the issue of Lucile Bluford's application to the university did not come before the Board of Curators. Middlebush also requests advice as to how to reply to Redmond's inquiry. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1939-10-05

Letter from University of Missouri President Frederick A. Middlebush to attorney Nick Cave, thanking Cave for his letter of October 7 concerning the Lucile Bluford case. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1939-10-09

Letter from University of Missouri President Frederick A. Middlebush to NAACP attorney Sidney R. Redmond, reporting that Lucile Bluford's application never came before the university's Board of Curators, which can be proven in the minutes of the meeting, and noting that "under existing laws of this State," Bluford should apply to Lincoln University. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1939-10-09

Letter from University of Missouri President Frederick A. Middlebush to William S. Hogsett, forwarding a copy of a letter from NAACP attorney Sidney Redmond, and mentioning that Lucile Bluford's application to the university did not come before the Board of Curators. He requests Hogsett's advice in how to reply to Redmond's letter. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1939-10-05

Telegram from University of Missouri President Frederick A. Middlebush to William S. Hogsett, enclosing a copy of Lucile Bluford's September 19 telegram, and requesting his advice in drafting a reply. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1941-09-25

Letter from University of Missouri graduate school dean Henry E. Bent to Lucile Bluford, wherein Dean Bent states that his responsibilites at the university do not extend to admission matters, and thus her questions are outside his jurisdiction. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1939-10-09

Letter from Kenneth Teasdale to University of Missouri President Frederick A. Middlebush, approving William Hogsett's suggested reply to a September 19 letter from Lucile Bluford. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1941-09-27

Letter from Board of Curators secretary Leslie Cowan to University of Missouri President Frederick A. Middlebush, reporting that he is not making mention of his discussion of Lucile Bluford correspondence with the Board of Curators at its February 22 meeting, unless Middlebush thinks he should. He writes, however, that he assumes "no record is to be made." At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1941-03-11

Telegram from Lucile Bluford to University of Missouri President F. A. Middlebush regarding her denial of admission to the university's journalism school. She notes that she was referred to Lincoln University, the state's black university, but that they offer no journalism courses. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1939-09-14

Telegram from Lucile Bluford to University of Missouri President Frederick A. Middlebush, stating that university registrar has rejected her application for admission for six straight semesters due to her race, despite her credits having previously been acceptable, and reiterating that Lincoln University does not offer a journalism program. She requests that Middlebush "extend democracy in our own state" at a time that "negro boys as well as white are about to sacrifice their lives on the battlefield" in defense of democracy. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1941-09-19

Letter from Lucile Bluford to Lincoln University President Sherman D. Scruggs requesting information on the planned journalism program to begin on February 1, 1942, at the university. She asks for details regarding faculty qualifications, student fees, and the availability of specific graduate coursework equivalent to that offered at the University of Missouri, and writes that she is interested in "practical courses in newspaper production" that would be of help in her work at The Call newspaper. She asserts that "the citizens of Missouri will be satisfied with nothing less than a School of Journalism that is equal in faculty, course offerings, library, etc., to the Journalism School" at MU. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a case that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1941-12-30

Letter from Lucile Bluford to Lincoln University president Dr. Sherman D. Scruggs that she asks to be considered as a standing application to the university as a graduate student in journalism. She writes "I refuse to permit my career to be thwarted by the erroneous verdict of a jury egged on by the most vicious appeal to race prejudice I have ever heard," and asks to be notified when Lincoln offers "work on the standard of the University of Missouri." At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a case that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1942-04-28

Telegram from Lucile Bluford to University of Missouri registrar S. W. Canada, stating that she feels it is unfair she has to continue to wait to enroll in graduate journalism courses after two years of attempting to gain admission, and reiterating that Lincoln University does not offer such coursework and insisting that MU admit her. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1941-02-11

Letter from Lucile Bluford to University of Missouri registrar S. W. Canada, frustrated because she has not received a reply to her telegram of February 11. She writes that, while Canada insists he has no authority to admit her to the university, other MU officials report that he is the sole authority on such matters. She reiterates that Lincoln University offers no journalism courses, leading her to demand admission to the University of Missouri, and includes a check for $41.50 to cover student fees for the coming semester. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1941-02-16

Letter from Lucile Bluford to University of Missouri registrar S. W. Canada, reporting that she has applied to Lincoln University for graduate work in journalism, but that they offer no journalism courses. She says there will therefore be applying to MU for the semester beginning Friday of that week. She requests he wire her at an address in Jefferson City with permission to enroll. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1941-02-05

Letter from Lucile Bluford to University of Missouri registrar S. W. Canada, insisting upon admission to the University of Missouri as Lincoln University will not offer a journalism program for the coming fall semester. She cites the Lloyd Gaines case as precedent which gives her a right to admission to MU when no other equivalent program is available at Lincoln, and writes that while she disagrees with the Missouri Supreme Court decision that a black applicant must wait a "reasonable time" for a program to be established, she asks "Have I not waited a 'reasonable' time?" by by waiting two and a half years since her first application to MU, and threatens further legal action if she is not admitted. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a case that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1941-08-21

Letter from Lucile Bluford to University of Missouri registrar S. W. Canada that she asks to be considered as a standing application to the university as a graduate student in journalism. Bluford writes that Canada's attorney William S. Hogsett used "open appeals to race prejudice" in federal court, and refuses to let that thwart her career. She reports that she has reapplied to Lincoln University for coursework "equal to the standard of graduate work in journalism at [MU] before such work was abandoned," as the university had temporarily shut down their own program. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a case that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1942-04-28

Letter from Rubey M. Hulen to William Hogsett and Kenneth Teasdale regarding state appropriations for Lincoln University. The chairman of Lincoln's board informed the state senate that they could start an operate a school of journalism for $65,000, and Hulen is looking to ensure that the amount is earmarked specifically for that purpose. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1941-05-31

Letter from Rubey M. Hulen to William S. Hogsett and Kenneth Teasdale, reporting that the Missouri Senate has earmarked the $65,000 appropriation for Lincoln University to be used "for the purpose of establishing, maintaining, and operating a school of journalism." At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1941-06-03

Letter from Sidney R. Redmond, an NAACP attorney, to University of Missouri President Frederick A. Middlebush, inquiring after what action the university's Board of Curators took regarding Lucile Bluford's application to enter the School of Journalism. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1939-10-03

Letter from University of Missouri registrar S. W. Canada to Charles H. Houston, writing that in spite of Houston's apparently disagreement iwth the opinion of the Supreme Court and attorney general in the Lucile Bluford case, Canada believes it is his duty to follow the opinion and stating that he remains without authority to admit Bluford to the university. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1941-09-16

Memo from University of Missouri registrar S. W. Canada to university president F. A. Middlebush, forwarding a copy of a letter from and reply to Lucile Bluford, which he writes that he has also forwarded to attorney Nick Cave. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1939-02-04

Memo from University of Missouri registrar S. W. Canada to university president Frederick A. Middlebush, forwarding a recounting of an in-person conversation with Lucile Bluford along with other communications from her regarding her attempt to gain admission to the university during the second semester of the 1940/1941 school year. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism. After repeated efforts to enter the program, and repeated denials due to her race, she filed a lawsuit against the university that eventually was heard before the Missouri Supreme Court.

Date Created
1941-02-21