Lincoln University

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From Dr. F. A. Middlebush to S. R. Redmond

Letter from University of Missouri President Frederick A. Middlebush to NAACP attorney Sidney R. Redmond, reporting that Lucile Bluford's application never came before the university's Board of Curators, which can be proven in the minutes of the meeting, and noting that "under existing laws of this State," Bluford should apply to Lincoln University. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism.

From Dr. F. A. Middlebush to Lucile Bluford

Letter from University of Missouri President Frederick A. Middlebush to Lucile Bluford, reporting that in light of her telegram of September 19, he has reread the opinions in her case from the Missouri Supreme Court and the Attorney General, as well as her recent correspondence with S. W. Canada, the university's registrar, and states that he believes Canada has performed his duties appropriately in declining her admission. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and seeking admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism.

From Charles H. Houston to William S. Hogsett

Letter from Charles H. Houston to William S. Hogsett regarding the Bluford vs. Canada case, writing that he has advised Lucile Bluford that she has "an independent cause of action" against S. W. Canada, University of Missouri registrar, due to his refusal to admit Bluford to the university's journalism program "in spite of his clear knowledge that there was no graduate work in journalism at Lincoln University." He advises Bluford to pursue that case and drop her appeal in the prior one.

From Charles H. Houston to S. W. Canada

Letter from attorney Charles H. Houston to University of Missouri registrar S. W. Canada, saying that he is writing in response to his September 2 letter to Lucile Bluford. Houston cites the Lloyd Gaines decision and its assertion that Gaines must be admitted if Lincoln did not provide a law program by the next semester, and notes that Lincoln University has by that point had three weeks longer to establish a journalism program than it had to establish a law program in the Gaines case.

Bluford vs. Canada: Summons and Complaint

Summons and complaint in the civil case of Lucile Bluford vs. S. W. Canada, registrar at the University of Missouri. Canada is ordered to answer Bluford's complaint, directed to her lawyer Carl R. Johnson, within 20 days. The complaint asserts that Bluford was deprived of her civil rights under state law by Canada's refusal to admit her to the University of Missouri's graduate program in journalism, as MU offered the state's only such program, and Bluford was qualified for that program and was rejected solely on the basis of her race.

Bluford vs. Canada: Respondent's Additional Abstract and Brief

Brief written by attorneys representing the University of Missouri and it's registrar, S. W. Canada, in Lucile Bluford's appeal in her suit attempting to gain admission to the university's graduate journalism program.

Bluford vs. Canada: Missouri Supreme Court Appeal Opinion

Missouri Supreme Court opinion written by Judge Albert M. Clark in the appeal of State of Missouri, at the Relation of Lucile Bluford vs. S. W. Canada, Registrar of the University of Missouri, Case No. 37449. Bluford's appeal was based on the United States Supreme Court decision in the Lloyd Gaines vs. University of Missouri case, which asserted that Gaines was entitled to admission to MU's law school when proposed alternatives were insufficient and thus refusing him admission constituted a violation of his right to equal protection.

Bluford vs. Canada: Memorandum Opinion

Memorandum opinion in the civil case of Lucile Bluford vs. S. W. Canada, registrar at the University of Missouri. Canada's lawyers entered a motion to dismiss the case on the grounds that the facts don't support the claim. The document asserts that Bluford was refused admittance to the university "upon the ground that she was a negro," and that Canada "was carrying out the rules and regulations of the statutory governing body of the University," with Lincoln University existing for the education of black students.

Bluford vs. Canada, Civil Action No. 42: Summons for Miss G. A. Wadkins

Witness summons in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, commanding Miss G. A. Wadkins, Acting Business Officer of Lincoln University, to appear in court on October 21, 1940, with general ledgers for several Lincoln accounts as well as budget sheets documenting state appropriations money. At the time, Bluford was the managing editor of the Kansas City Call and her effort to gain admittance to the masters degree program at MU's School of Journalism, and repeated denials due to her race, lead to a a series of lawsuits that eventually reached the Missouri Supreme Court.

Bluford vs. Canada, Civil Action No. 42: Reply Brief of Defendant on Motion to Dismiss

Reply brief of defendant on motion to dismiss in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada. The document responds to a memo by Bluford's attorneys, which in turn responds to Canada's attorneys brief requesting dismissal of the case. Canada's attorneys reject Bluford's assertion that Canada, as registrar, is a "ministerial officer" of the university, and insist he is a "mere subordinate employee." The defense team also argues that Bluford and her attorneys misunderstand the requirements of the decision in Gaines v.

Bluford vs. Canada, Civil Action No. 42: Praecipe for Subpoena for Sherman D. Scruggs and Miss G. A. Wadkins

Praecipe for subpoena in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada, requesting that a subpoena be issued on behalf of the plaintiff for Lincoln University president Sherman D. Scruggs to produce the minutes of all Board of Curators and executive committee meetings since 1936, and all correspondence between the university and Lincoln University regarding a journalism program. A request is also made for a subpoena to be issued to Miss G. A. Wadkins, business officer of the university, to produce all books showing the university budget and expenditures for the prior two years.

Bluford vs. Canada, Civil Action No. 42: Motion to Dismiss

Motion to dismiss in Civil Action No. 42: Lucile Bluford v. S.W. Canada.