U.S. vs. Fred A. Bird, Wanda E. Edmiston, William W. Seavy, et al.: Indictment
Indictment in Criminal Case No. 13945: United States vs. Fred A. Bird, Wanda E. Edmiston, William W. Seavy, James B. Redwine, Ethel Ellen Holliday, and Jean Sote, defendants. The defendants were charged with conspiring to impede citizens' right to vote and have that vote truthfully counted in the 1st Precinct of the 11th Ward during the November 3, 1936 election. The indictment states that votes for the Republican presidential candidate were instead counted for other candidates, and that the defendants knew the count as recorded on tally sheets and other statements was "false, fradulent, untrue and corrupt." More than 40 votes were shifted from the Landon/Knox presidential ticket to Roosevelt/Garner, and the same number from Paul R. Byrum to C. Jasper Bell in the 4th District Congressional race. Bird, Edmiston, Seavy, and Redwine were acting as election judges, and Holliday and Sote served as election clerks.