U.S. vs. J. R. Hennessey, Sam Goucher, Lula Overly, et al.: Indictment
Indictment in Criminal Case No. 13683: United States vs. J. R. Hennessey, Sam Gougher, Lula Overly, Charles O. Jackson, Viola Turner, and Jack Turner, defendants. The defendants were charged with conspiring to impede citizens' right to vote and have that vote truthfully counted in the 24nd Precinct of the 9th Ward during the November 3, 1936 election. The indictment states that votes for the Republican presidential candidate were instead counted for other candidates, and that the defendants knew the count as recorded on tally sheets and other statements was "false, fradulent, untrue and corrupt." More than 30 votes were shifted from the Landon/Knox presidential ticket to Roosevelt/Garner, and a similar number from Paul R. Byrum to C. Jasper Bell in the 4th District Congressional race. Hennessey, Goucher, Overly, and Jackson were acting as election judges, and Turner and Julia Wonderly, who is not named as a defendant, served as election clerks.