Kansas City in the Jazz Age & Great Depression

Argentine

Displaying 1 - 12 of 17
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Photographs

Photograph of Argentine and Shawnee Heights, two sections of Kansas City, Kansas, as seen from the Kansas River. The large building pictured center is the Franklin School on Metropolitan Avenue between S 14th and 15th Streets. This picture was taken before 1923 when the building received a four-classroom addition.

Object Type: 
Photographs

Two photographs of the viaduct at Goddard Viaduct in Kansas City, Kansas. The viaduct, built in 1923, replaced an earlier structure and allowed Goddard Avenue to continue over the rail yards in the Argentine neighborhood.

Object Type: 
Transcriptions

Interview with Adolph Oropeza by Laurie Bretz as part of the Trabajo y Cultura (Work & Culture) Project documenting the Kansas City, Kansas, Hispanic community. Oropeza describes being born in Michoacan, Mexico, and moving to Kansas City, Kansas, with his family as a 2-year-old. He worked as a farmworker as a teenager, and later worked for the Santa Fe and Rock Island railroad companies, and describes the work he and other Mexican workers did in those industries, including unionization in the railroad companies.

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Transcriptions

Interview with Melquiades Quiroga by Laurie Bretz as part of a project documenting the Kansas City, Kansas, Hispanic community. Quiroga discusses being brought to the United States by his parents in 1915 at the age of 4, and going to work in the ice plant in Argentine in 1928. He describes working 15-20 hour days, and the formation of the union in 1942. After unionizing, he reports higher wages, but also describes pay discrimination, winter work reduction and families living in uninsulated shacks, and the hard work done at the ice plant.

Object Type: 
Transcriptions

Interview with sisters Aurora Oropeza and Trini Torrez by Laurie Bretz as part of a project to document the history of the Kansas City, Kansas, Hispanic community. The women discuss their childhoods in Kansas City, Kansas, and their brother Adolfo going to work with the railroads to support the family after the death of their father in Mexico. They also discuss racial and gender discrimination in their educational experience, and going through college during the Depression and working as a nurse.

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Transcriptions

Interview with Francisco Ruiz, Millie Rivera, Mike Sanchez, Mr. and Mrs. Joe Amayo, Carmen Ayala and others by Robert Oppenheimer as part of a project to document the history of the Kansas City, Kansas, Hispanic community. Among the topics discussed are the local Mexican community working for the railroads, on farms, and for the meatpacking companies between the two world wars, unionization efforts, and the movement of workers and their families around the Midwest.

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Transcriptions

Interview with Senora Josefa Aguilera Parra by Laurie Bretz as part of a project documenting the Kansas City, Kansas, Hispanic community. Aguilera describes doing farm work in California and Colorado for low pay, her experiences of and feelings about the Mexican Revolution, and later settling in the Argentine neighborhood of Kansas City, Kansas, where her husband worked in the Swift meatpacking house.

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Transcriptions

Interview with Juan and Pascual Madrigal by Laurie Bretz as part of the Trabajo y Cultura (Work & Culture) Project documenting the Kansas City, Kansas, Hispanic community. The men discuss coming to Kansas City in 1925 after the Mexican Revolution, attending the Clara Barton School that served the Mexican community, working for the Santa Fe railroad and the local ice plant, and unionization efforts in hopes of improving working hours and wages.

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Transcriptions

Interview with Danny Gamino and Jose Perres by Laurie Bretz and Robert Oppenheimer as part of a project documenting the Kansas City, Kansas, Hispanic community. The men describe working in packing houses in the 1940s, and the segregation and discrimination they faced in restaurants, schools, movie theaters, and other parts of the community. They also discuss pay differences between white and Mexican workers prior to unionization, and other protections they were afforded by the union.

Object Type: 
Transcriptions

Interview with Pedro Ibarra and his daughter Leonor Ibarra by Laurie Bretz as part of a project documenting the Kansas City, Kansas, Hispanic community. Pedro describes coming to the United States for work, and describes Mexican workers doing their all of their non-food shopping at the railroad commissary. He says they could also send money back to family in Mexico, but that an employee at the commissary would keep the money and claim they were robbed or that the mail was lost.

Object Type: 
Photographs

A woman and her child in the railyard area where they lived. Railroad companies reused cars as housing for Mexican railroad workers, many of whom were recent immigrants could not find or afford more permanent housing.

Object Type: 
Photographs

A woman and her child outside of the boxcar where they lived. Railroad companies reused cars as housing for Mexican railroad workers, many of whom were recent immigrants could not find or afford more permanent housing.

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